Salamanders and Newts

There are many different types of salamander, all which have a similar way of life or the same prey to a newt.

Most salamanders enjoy having water-based prey, such as mosquito larvae and small fish. Bigger ones even eat frog eggs.

As a fellow amphibian, salamanders can get through the jelly-like defenses. When breeding, salamanders lay eggs under plants and debris. When they hatch they feed on aquatic invertebrate. The Tiger salamander, for example, lives underground unless it is breeding season.

Newts are exactly the same as salamanders, except they can live in a colder area. The Alpine newt, for example, lives high in the Alpine mountains, where it is not at all bothered by the bitter cold. They enjoy living under rocks offside a fast moving river so predators like large fish can not get to them. Unlike salamanders, newts rather land-dwelling invertebrates instead  of eggs or water dwelling organisms. Though there are differences, salamanders and newts are similar in many ways.


Tuataras are ancient nocturnal reptiles that were more popular in prehistoric times. They are found in the offshore islands of New Zealand where they live in burrows that they construct themselves or that they steal from petrels. Once in awhile, they will eat petrel chicks. But their main diet consists of large insects. Tuataras mature very slowly. They are grown up when they are 10-20 years old but can live to be 100.




Komodo Dragon

The Komodo Dragon is the largest and heaviest lizard. Although it is so big it can run a surprising  11 miles per hour. It lives in Indonesia and its scientific name is Varanus komodoensis. It’s main prey is goats and sometimes cattle. When resting the Komodo Dragon lies flat on its stomach.




Wonder Gecko

Also known as the frog eyed gecko, the Wonder Gecko is nocturnal. The gecko lives in southwest Asia and Middle East. It’s scientific name is Teratoscincus  scincus . The Wonder Gecko female lays 1-2 eggs that hatch in 2 or 3 months. Then they immediately start eating spiders and bugs.





Frilled Lizard

When laying eggs, the Frilled Lizard female makes a hole and lays the eggs in the hole, and covers them up. It takes about 3 months for the eggs to hatch. They have frills as soon as they hatch. If threatened, it opens it’s mouth and hisses. If that fails it starts to run to the closest tree. It has good camouflage to the tree trunks. They are usually black or brown.



Panther Chameleon

The Panther Chameleon is one of the most colorful chameleons. It lives in many different habitats in Northern Madagascar. It can be  found in bushes, hedges, plantations, and backyard trees. When mating, The eggs do not come out right away. It takes about 5 weeks to lay the eggs in a nest in wet soil. After a year or so, the eggs hatch. But they can mature in less than a year. In this case the male is larger than the female. Panther Chameleons can be good pets. It can appear bigger than it really is.




Burmese Python

The Burmese Python is one of the few animals that hunt caimans. This python and the green anaconda are the only snakes that hunt these crocodilians. The Burmese Python is an alien species to the Florida Everglades. That is where they can feast. They also prey on swans and other birds. This snake has no predators so it has no one to stop it. Humans try to hunt them but their popularity has grown.





Northern Gray Tree Frog and the Southern Gray Tree Frog

Northern Gray Tree Frog and the Southern Gray Tree Frog

The Northern Gray Tree Frog is a little warty, but not warty enough to be a toad. It’s warts camouflage it to moss and trees. It’s scientific name is Hyla versicolor. Many of these tree frogs  have patterns. This frog has a twin! The southern gray tree frog is almost identical. Since these frogs are almost identical, they are known as cryptic species. The scientific name of the Southern Gray Tree Frog is Hyla chrysoscelis.

Northern Gray Tree Frog


Southern Gray Tree Frog


Tomato Frog

The Tomato Frog can be red or bright orange. Males are smaller and less brightly colored. If wanting to breed, Tomato Frog males call loudly to attract females. Like all other frogs, this frog can only mate with it’s own kind. When in the process of laying eggs they usually do it in some kind of drain or ditch. If threatened, it can puff up it’s body to make it look bigger than it really is.